Skidmore Scooter – a plywood whaleback

Some early memories

sm Skidmore Scooter - three-quarter

The Skidmore Scooter as she sat

 

This shapely gunning boat is one I have never seen in use – and yet it holds a special place in my heart.  It was built by a man whom I recall vividly – and fondly – from my early youth.  The boat was built – most likely in the 1950s or 60s – by Brud Skidmore.  It is now owned by Red Oster and I first saw it earlier this year in Red’s backyard in Sayville.  Red is a bayman year-round and guides diver shoots out of one of the last “big rigs” on Great South Bay.

 

The Great South Bay Scooter

Like many terms specific to the sport of waterfowling, particular names for boats, gear and even the birds themselves evolved locally and remain today as relics of an indigenous culture.  Such is the case with the name “Scooter”.  The original Scooter was “invented” in Bellport Bay – the eastern reaches of Great South Bay – in 1874 by Wilbur R. Corwin.  It was originally designed to negotiate a frozen bay that – thanks to the tides – was perforated with patches of open water – what we call either “water holes” or “air holes”.  A Scooter could be dragged, piked or sailed over ice of all kinds – and could also be sailed or rowed across open water.  In fact, it could “scoot” across the ice, through the water, then back out onto the ice again.  The hulls were carefully shaped to run over the ice on metal-shod runners and could go from water to ice either forward or backward.  Scooters caught on quickly – to the east into Narrow and Moriches Bays and west throughout Great South Bay.  They became the winter vessel for gunners and baymen and even for the Lifesaving Service  (now Coast Guard).  When the battery was finally outlawed on Great South Bay in 1935, the cumbersome winged contrivances were replaced by Scooters anchored in the open bay.  Many, like the Skidmore Scooter, retained the capabilities to hunt in either frozen or unfrozen waters.

 

sm Skidmore GSB SEPIA

Great South Bay

 

The well-known Scooters from the east were built by Wilbur Corwin, Benjamin Hallock and Oliver Howell.  To the west, one of the better-known builders was the firm of Dodge & Crowell – hard on the east bank of Orowoc Creek in Islip.  As with any specialized craft, the details were refined to meet the local conditions.  Whereas the eastern Scooters were designed for use in the ice and also as “grassboats” to hunt the saltmarsh, many of the western boats were designed for use in the ice and in the open bay.  Hiding best in the open bay resulted in higher-crowned decks and lower gunwales – what is known as the “whaleback” design.  Brud Skidmore built his Scooter from the lines of a Dodge & Crowell whaleback Scooter.  Whereas the Dodge & Crowell craft were carvel-planked of White Cedar over bent (steamed) frames, Brud built his of 1/4″ marine plywood (fir) over plywood frames.

Brud Skidmore - inboard circa 1960

Brud in his woodshop at East Islip Lumber, circa 1960

 

Brud Skidmore

I probably met Brud before I could remember anything.  Brud was a friend of my Dad .  My Dad had worked at Brud’s East Islip Lumber before becoming a State Policeman and – always working at least two jobs to provide for his family – had his woodworking shop there for a few years, probably in the late 1950s.  I recall being in the shop with my Dad after dinner.  I would play among the sawdust and cutoffs on the floor while be built cabinets and – along with Brud – the occasional boat.   Finally, I just learned from my Mom that “Brud” means “brother” – a common nickname among the Dutch and Germans.

 

The Big Rigs

Like my Dad and so many others of that era, Brud loved nothing more than hunting Broadbill – the Greater Scaup that wintered on Great South Bay in prodigious numbers – well over 100,000 birds each year.  While Broadbill could – and certainly were – hunted from shore rigs and in the ice, the “ultimate” was to pursue these finest of gamebirds with a “big rig”.  A big rig was simply the rig used to hunt Broadbill in an open Great South Bay – and it evolved directly from the battery rigs.  It usually consisted of three different vessels – each with its own purpose.  The tender (or “mother ship”) was a big cabin boat – replete with stove – that towed both a stool boat and a Scooter.  The stool boat held all of the decoys and was used to set and pick up the rig.  The Scooter was the floating blind from which gunners shot.  Gunners cycled in and out of the Scooter during the day, ferried back and forth by either the stool boat or the tender.  When not laying in the Scooter, gunners could observe all of the action from the comfort of a warm, dry cabin, often with hot drinks or soup at hand.

 

sm Skidmore 1 - As She Sat

 

The work at hand

Happily, the years and the elements have wrought only minor damage to the Skidmore Scooter.  When I met Red – and his brother Steve – in the rain last Saturday, the obvious damage included rot in the hatch cover and in a bit of the coamings, a few “penetrations” of the ‘glass skin, and some suspicious softening around the pipe oarlock stanchions.  So, the Scooter was lashed to my duckboat trailer and rode happily the 250 or so miles north to Pencil Brook Boatworks. Not surprisingly, Red also sent a few Herter’s Model 81 Brant stool north with me – for their own brand of special attention.

 

sm Skidmore 2 - Safe at PBB

Safe and mostly sound at Pencil Brook Boatworks

 

Gallery # 1 – Admission & Diagnosis

 

 

The work begins

Working clean and comfortable

Up on the “high horses”, the Brud Skidmore is upside down so I can work “comfortably” on the inside – especially on the stanchions.

 

I began by cutting and grinding back the ‘glass where it had been penetrated.  The nose – around the bow eye – was the worst – but it still was not bad.  The wood had not gotten soft and mostly needed a thorough drying-out.  There were a few more minor penetrations toward the stern.  They required a quick fairing back with the grinder (40-grit on a 7-inch disc) and then time to dry.  Rot in the coaming required me to excise about 24 inches on the starboard side and both oarlock stanchions required major – and challenging – attention.

 

Gallery # 2 – The Repairs

 

Other minor tasks included a permanent fairlead for the stern – so the Brud Skidmore will lay at anchor without yawing.

Fairlead machining

The fairlead is fully machined – with bandsaw and router while still attached to the original piece of lumber – some vertical grain Douglasfir.  It was finally cut free on the table saw.  Then, it got two sealing coats of epoxy before it was fastened to the deck with SS screws and thickened epoxy.

The next job was a new hatch – from scratch.  I began by scribing the crown of the deck forward of the cockpit to establish the lower curve.  The upper curve was similar but the crown was drawn on a 47-inch radius.  I did not use the scribed crown of the deck because it flattened off a bit on the centerline of the boat.  The 47-inch radius became the “master curve” and was used for all of the transverse frames.

1 Front coaming - scribed

The framing is all Cypress – and the sheathing is 1/4-inch Lauan plywood – scavenged from a pattern on another project.  After clamping with Titebond II, the plywood was nailed to each frame with #14 x 7/8″ bronze boat nails.

3 Cockpit Hatch

The outside of the hatch was was sheathed with 4-oz ‘glass and epoxy and the underside was sealed with grey primer.

New Cockpit Hatch - from stern   Cockpit Hatch - framing

 

All done.  It was important to owner Red Oster to return the boat to a sound condition – but at least as important was honoring Brud.

Name Plate - on curve

 

Gallery # 3 – Finishing Touches & Sea Trials

 

Sea Trials 10 - SMALL

Bring on the ice….

 

Landing SJS Broadbill - improved - COLOR lighter - cropped

 

2 thoughts on “Skidmore Scooter – a plywood whaleback

  1. Thanks for the interesting over view on the Brud Skidmore. After viewing an historical Ariel photo of East Islip lumber yard it led me to this. Tim Dowd

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