Horal Scooter – back in shape

Re-visiting a vivid childhood memory

1 sm Strung - Sports Afield November 68

I continue to be amazed at how we can retain certain memories all of our lives.  Every small detail of certain places or events stays with us – to be recalled and enjoyed whenever we want.  The first time I ever saw this boat – the 2-man “Scooter” belonging to Charlie Horal – is such a memory for me.  Although I did not shoot out of her at the time – I think I was about 9  and so the year was about 1962 – I spent the day observing a classic “big rig Broadbill hunt” on Great South Bay.  Charlie was a life-long friend of my Dad’s.  For most of my life he owned a gas station in East Islip – the south shore town where we lived; it was a Sinclair station at the time.  He always had a big rig – which on Great South Bay in that era meant a big cabin boat to serve as the tender or “mother ship” and at least a gunning boat.  Many such rigs also used a third vessel – known as the stool boat – for storing, setting and picking up the decoys.  The stool boat could also be used to ferry gunners between the scooter and the tender as they took turns shooting.


Scooter History & Nomenclature

We used the term Scooter loosely.  The original Scooter was developed at the east end of Great South Bay – on Bellport Bay in the mid-1800s by Captain Wilburn A. Corwin.  Shod with a pair of metal runners – first iron then later brass – the Scooter was designed to cross saltwater ice by dragging, piking or sailing – and also to cross open water with a pole, a pair of oars, or a small sailing rig.  These boats – almost always made for a single occupant – proliferated throughout Great South Bay to the west and were embraced by baymen and gunners alike.  At that time, Great South Bay was also home to – and perhaps the birthplace of – the battery.  Market gunners used them until the sale of waterfowl was outlawed in 1918.  Although the battery was always controversial – because of its effectiveness and because it also “robbed” shorebound gunners of the birds – their use remained legal on Great South Bay after the Migratory Bird Treaty Act.  Many of the same baymen continued to use the same batteries for guiding parties of sports – for the unsurpassed excitement of having flocks of Broadbill – and Redhead, Canvasback , Brant and others – approach at eye-level and sea-level at the same time.  Use of the battery itself, though, was finally banned in 1935.  This spurred the use of Scooters to take the place of the battery.  And, as with any technology, the boats became specialized for their new role.  Instead of crossing ice-bound bays, the Scooter was now pressed into service as the open-water blind for gunners.  As with batteries, gunners strove for a low profile and lay on their backs while waiting – and then sitting up to shoot.  Some Scooters were built wider and flatter and were known as Pumpkinseed Scooters and others were built taller but with low gunwales and were known as Whaleback Scooters.  Some retained their traditional white paint – to approximate the ice – and others used a shade of grey – to approximate open bay waters.  Later, other types were developed – driven especially by the advent of marine plywood and later by fibreglass. Although the naming of boat types adheres only loosely to any “rules”, most boat historians and builders would probably designate the  Horal Scooter as a skiff – because of its flat bottom, pointed bow and transom stern.  Most skiffs are not decked over – but Long Island duckboats are always enclosed except for their man-sized cockpits.  Author Strung refers to the Horal Scooter as a punt in his Sports Afield story – but, in my opinion, that stems from the Bellport Bay term for their simpler duckboats; those with pointed bows, transom sterns and cross-planked bottoms were known as “punties” – as distinct from the Scooters which had round-bottoms and sometimes fantail sterns.  True punts are square at both ends.

3 sm Allen Horal with Scooter


Allen Horal with Scooter – December 2013


In any event, the Horal Scooter campaigned successfully for many years on Great South Bay.  But, as with so many wooden craft, time and the elements took their toll.  Charlie Horal died several years ago; my Dad died in 2011.  The Scooter now resided with Charlie’s younger son Allen – who had been 2 grades ahead of me in school.  I discovered that it still existed in the fall of 2013 when I delivered the 2-man Scooter White-Wing to Craig Kessler.  I had trailed White-Wing down to my Mom’s in East Islip and wanted to show it to a couple of friends before I took it out east for sea trials the next day.  And so it was that I learned from both Richie Simmons and Craig that Allen still had the Scooter – and that it needed some attention.  And they both told Allen that he should talk with me.  Thus, in early December that same fall, I hauled the Horal Scooter north to Pencil Brook Boatworks.

2 sm As she sat

Here is how she was stored – upside down and well off the ground.

6 sm Skeg

The skeg and the tuck-up at the stern show she was made to row – even though this boat often traveled across of the gunwales of the tender on her way to the gunning grounds.

4 sm Sections - bow on

This shows her sections – a flat bottom, a bit of flare in the sides and mild crown to the decks.

5 sm Ballast on aft floorboard

Several lead ingots were stored beneath the afterdeck to trim the Scooter when gunning.  The hole in the ingot was for a loop of line – useful when handing these weights back and forth between the Scooter and the tender.  I still need to measure and weigh them.

1 sm Arrival at Pencil Brook Boatworks

The Horal Scooter arrives safely at Pencil Brook Boatworks – after about 250 miles on mostly superhighways.


Gallery 1 – Examination & Diagnosis

The Horal Scooter was on the “back burner” while I finished out the gunning seasons – both up here near the farm and down on Long Island.  In February and March I completed the restoration – and drawing the lines for – my own Scooter.

5 - A grapnel is just one way to get across soft ice.

5 – A grapnel is just one way to get across soft ice.

The Ted Sanford after restoration.


The Real Work Begins

The Horal Scooter came back into the shop and I commenced de-construction and repair.  The goal of this restoration was to get her back in serviceable condition – so making her structurally sound took precedence over pure restoration to as-built condition.  For example, instead of replacing the sides, I repaired them with dutchmen and fillers and then strengthened them with ‘glass and epoxy.


Gallery 2 – Removals & Repairs

Finishing Touches

txt 1 Bottom from bow 1

Once everything was repaired and re-installed, the Scooter got 3 coats of flat, white oil paint on her exterior.


Gallery 3 ~ Final repairs and full paint



Here is the Horal Scooter ready for the water.  I hope to measure her – and draw the plans – before I return her to her native waters,

txt 2 Exterior - wide


Sea Trials

In loading the Horal Scooter for her journey south, I used a method I started using many years ago.  My duckboat trailer is set up for both my Great South Bay Ice Scooter (the Ted Sanford) and my Sneakbox.  With either of those boats, I try to avoid damaging their noses with the bow chock on the trailer.  So, I use a “keeper” in addition  to the winch cable (woven nylon strap nowadays).  The keeper prevents the boat from moving too far forward and the winch cable puts ample tension on it.

DB Trailer - Bow Keeper 1

The keeper is spliced permanently to the trailer frame.

DB Trailer - Bow Keeper 2

With the bow snubbed this way – and 2 ratchet straps over her belly – she rode without complaint the 250 or so miles to her new home.  Actually, her owner is away right now so she’s being stored at another friend’s.  We switched tow vehicles for the final leg of the journey.

1 Boatyard Tractor

Craig Kessler has a ball hitch mounted nice and high on the back of his lawn tractor – the perfect rig to haul the trailer the last 200 feet to the water.  Here she floats – probably for the first time in 30 or 40 years.  I was a little anxious about one spot – where it had been repaired previously but which I did not address.  Not a drop!

2 Bow on

Here she is from the starboard stern quarter:

6  From astern - on Flanders Bay

And side-to:

3 Starboard profile

Here is the gunner’s nest:

5 Cockpit

The safety stick – stuck securely in its newly-repaired notch – keeps gun barrels up out of harm’s way.

4 From astern

Imaginary gun and an imaginary bird – but it won’t be long now…..

7 Hard Left


Do you know who built her? 

I can recall seeing at least 4 of these scooters over the years.  All were in the Islip area – from West Islip to East Islip.  I am guessing she was built in the 1950s – almost definitely after World War II – and definitely by a skilled boatbuilder.  Please let me know if you have better information about her origins.


Bob Hines Broadbill - cropped - color











Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s